What Is Electric Wiring

Guidelines to basic electrical wiring in your home and similar locations

Electrical wiring and symbols

Electrical symbols are used on home electrical wiring plans in order to show the location, control point(s), and type of electrical devices required at those locations. These symbols, which are drawn on top of the floor plan, show lighting outlets, receptacle outlets, special purpose outlets, fan outlets and switches

Dashed lines are drawn between the symbols to denote which switches control specific lights or receptacles. There are quite a few symbols used to represent the devices used in home electrical wiring but some of them are very similar

An “outlet” is any point in an electrical system where current is taken out of the system in order to supply power to the attached electrical equipment. An outlet can be one of two basic types: A “Receptacle” outlet or a “Lighting” outlet.

A receptacle outlet is one in which one or more receptacles are installed for the purpose of attaching “plug and cord-connected” type devices, and a lighting outlet is one intended for a direct-wired connection to a lamp holder, luminaire (lighting fixture) or ceiling fan.

How electricity travels throughout the home?

Electricity is supplied to your home through your electric utility’s overhead or buried power lines. Before entering your home, electricity passes through a watt-hour meter which measures the amount of electricity used.


Electrical wiring can be tricky—especially for the novice. That’s why it’s usually best to hire a professional for anything other than a simple job. Otherwise, you could risk injury, damage or fire. If you do plan to complete a DIY project that has an electrical component, there are some basic things to know about wiring installation.

Understanding electrical wiring

Since the 1940s, any house built (or any older home that has been rewired) has had to follow an electrical code: the NEC—written with safety in mind. NEC code identifies types of electrical wires and electrical cable types by color. When you remove a switch plate, you’ve probably noticed yellow, white, black, red or green wires. They are not there to be decorative; each serves a specific purpose, and some don’t play nicely with others.

How to Connect electrical wires

When you’re doing wiring installation, you need to identify the parts of the wiring cable, the non-metallic electrical cable: the outer sheathing (the jacket) and the inner wires. The colored “wire” you see—the green, black, red, blue or white—is actually the sheathing that covers the inner copper wires. If you look closely, you’ll see markings stamped on the sheathing to let you know the number and gauge of wires inside. The color of the sheathing lets you know what each wire does.

The following is sort of an electrical wire types chart:

Black wires or “hot wires” carry live electrical loads from the electrical service panel to an outlet, light or other destination.

Red wires are also hot wires used to interconnect smoke detectors, so that if one alarm goes off, all the others do as well.

White and gray wires are neutral wires that connect to the neutral bus bar, which attracts current and carries it throughout the house. Don’t let the “neutral” part fool you because they can still carry a charge—especially if the current load is not balanced.

White wires wrapped in black or red electrical tape are also hot wires. The tape just lets you know that the white wire, which is normally neutral, is being used as a hot wire instead.

Green wires connect the grounding terminal in an outlet box and run it to a ground bus bar in the electrical panel, giving current a place to escape to the ground in the event a live wire touches metal or another conductor. Green wires can only connect to other green wires but can still be live if the electrical system is faulty.

Bare copper wires are the most common type of grounding wires.

Blue and yellow wires, although not usually found in non-metallic (NM) cable, are sometimes used as hot wires in an electrical conduit. The blue ones are travelers that might be in the switches at both the top and bottom of a staircase to control the same light.

What type of wire is used for residential?

Most modern homes use nonmetallic (NM) cable that consists of two or more wires wrapped inside the colored sheathing mentioned previously. The package of wires usually contains one or more hot wires plus a neutral and a ground. To accommodate wiring in an older home or if your wiring just needs work, you can splice the old wires with new NM cable using a junction box that protects wire connections. The larger circuit wires carry circuit voltage that can be really dangerous to touch. If you don’t know what kind of wires you have, consider them all to be dangerous.

How to Rough-In Electrical Wiring

You can save a lot of money by doing your own wiring. Here we’ll show you to wire an entire room. Even if you’ve never picked up an electrical tool in your life, you can safely rough-in wiring by following the directions in this article. You’ll learn all of the pro techniques for a wiring job, including choosing the right size receptacle boxes, running cable throughout the room, and making the electrical connections.

Tools Required

Drill/driver – cordless


Tape measure

Plastic boxes and flexible nonmetallic cable (commonly called Romex) put electrical wiring projects within the skill range of every dedicated DIYer. In this article, we’ll show you some house wiring basics—how to position outlet and switch boxes and run the electrical cable between them. We won’t cover many other house wiring details. For help with circuit design and making connections to your main electrical panel, we recommend you consult a licensed electrician.

Electrical house wiring mistakes can be deadly, so make sure you obtain a permit from your local building department and have an electrical rough-in inspection scheduled with a building official when you’re finished. Draw a sketch of your room that shows lighting, switch and outlet locations. Review your plan with the inspector and ask whether there are any special requirements.

Mark the Box Locations

Measure and mark the center of each box.

Mark the height from the floor to the center of the boxes (usually 48 in. for switches and 12 in. for outlets) or line them up with existing boxes to determine electrical outlet height.

Use letters and symbols to identify boxes.

Add 2×4 blocks to position boxes away from wide window and door trim

Basic Residential Electrical Wiring Rough In and Codes Guide

What are the basic residential wiring circuits? Can you put the hall plug on the same breaker as the dining room? How many switches have to be in the stairwell? What size wire do you use for a dryer? How many amps can 12-2-WG take? All of these questions are answered somewhere in the 700 (more or less) pages of the National Electric Code. Luckily many of the most common residential wiring questions are answered right here on just a couple of pages.

Are You Qualified?

This article is not intended to be a complete guide on the subject of residential wiring, but only an aid to those who already have some knowledge on the subject. I am not encouraging people with little or no experience to tackle a large wiring project (like wiring an entire house), and if that is your intent, then this is just the beginning of the information that you will need to safely and effectively accomplish such a task. There are many excellent guides available in print if you need more information.

Disclaimer: Incompetent or improper wiring work can result in loss of life limb and property. Wiring which is not properly inspected may void your homeowners insurance. In some areas it is not legal for anyone other than a licensed electrician to do wiring work at all. I am not a codes official. I am also not an expert on electrical wiring. I’m just a guy with some practical experience building and wiring houses. Furthermore, the code changes on a regular basis and is subject to local jurisdictions. If you are going to do electrical wiring, you should become educated about the code as it applies in your area.

Service Equipment

The Service equipment (main panel, entrance conductors, meter base, and associated hardware) must be adequate to safely supply the required load. If you haven’t already done so, you can use my Free Load Calculator to determine the size that you will need.

The main service equipment panel shall be mounted either outside or inside the dwelling at the point of entrance of the service conductors to the building. All service equipment and electrical panels shall have a clear area 30″ wide and 36″ deep in front. This clear area must extend from floor to ceiling with no intrusions from other equipment, cabinets, counters, appliances, pipes, etc. Panels are NOT allowed in clothes closets or bathrooms.

Wiring a House

Wiring a house or a basement in a house is something many do-it-yourselfers can tackle.  It does require some basic electrical understanding and knowledge of electrical codes but if you have a little of this background you can make it happen.  This website is intended to give some guidance for your wiring projects starting with the topics listed below.  The frequently asked questions section is also a nice resource for some of the more common DIY electrical questions.

Wire 3 way Switches and other Wiring Diagrams

Below are some of the most common wiring diagrams you will encounter in your home for outlets, switches, and major appliances.  Wiring 3 way switches seems to be the most popular topic so I’ve included lots of diagrams for those.  Three-way switches allow you to control lights or receptacles from two points.  These are commonly used for lighting in a stairway where you want a switch on each floor entering the stairway.  Three-way switches are also common in hallways, garages, and kitchens.

Four-way switches are very similar in design to three-ways and are used to control lights or receptacles from three or more switch locations.

AWG stands for “American Wire Gauge” and is a standardized wire gauge system  used in the US since 1857 for diameters of round, nonferrous, electrically conducting wire.  The cross-sectional area of a wire determines it’s resistance and current-carrying capacity.  The large the wire diameter, the less resistance it has to the flow of electrons, and the more current it can carry without overheating

Home Inspection How It Benefits The Buyer, Investor And Seller

New Home Walk-Through Inspection Tips

your review of the newly-constructed facility, the greater the chance that you can find problems which the builder can fix before you move in

Home Completion Starts the Inspections

When the builder feels that a home is completed, they contact the city and have the city inspectors complete their final inspections. When the city has signed off on the home, the builder is ready for you to do a “walk through.” This is the time when the builder meets the homeowner at the new home and “walks” the homeowner through the home allowing the homeowner to inspect the home.

Just because the home passed the city inspections doesn’t mean that everything is perfect. After the contractors have completed their portion of the building job, the city inspectors verify that the building is built within code. The city inspectors do not inspect for cosmetic flaws nor do they inspect for functional issues such as a leaky faucet or scratched floor. It is not uncommon for a new home to have 10 to 30 items that need attention by the builder.

Tips for a Successful Walk Through

Put it in writing: Don’t rely on the builder’s representative to make your list. Make your own list of items that you want to have fixed. Mail your list to the builder using certified mail. Be sure to get a proof of delivery to the builder. You will be glad you took the extra time to prepare your list and track the delivery if there is a dispute later with the builder about what they needed to fix.

Take your time: Don’t feel that you need to rush through your walk through. If the builder’s representative tells you that he or she only has an hour, you can still take as much time as you need and mail your written comments to the builder.

Schedule wisely: Allow a three to seven days between the home inspection and the closing in case the builder needs time to fix issues that were identified during the home inspection.

Insist on issues being fixed: Don’t close on the purchase of the home until the issues are fixed. Once you close on the house, the builder may not be motivated to move quickly to complete the items on your check list.

Making a New Home Inspection Checklist

Every home is different, but many houses have the same potential issues. A builder may give you a new home inspection checklist to use during your walk through. You can use their list or download a free home inspection checklist of your own

Be sure the check list you use includes the following items:

Heating and Cooling

Turn on the heater and listen to it go on.

Check that air is coming out of all the vents or check if radiators or convectors are getting warm to the touch.

Turn up the thermostat at least five degrees over room temperature. Make sure the heater continues to run and then shuts off.

Turn on the air conditioner and listen to it go on.

Check that cool air is coming out of all the vents.

Turn down the thermostat at least five degrees under room temperature. Make sure the air conditioner continues to run and then shuts off.


Inspect each light fixture to make sure it is fully-installed and that there are no broken parts to the fixture.

Turn on each light switch and fixture to test that it works correctly.

Plug a radio into each electrical outlet to be sure that the outlet functions.

Test the doorbell.


Check every faucet to make they turn on and off easily.

Run every fixture for five minutes. Check for leaks from the base of the fixture and drips from the faucet.


Check countertops for scratches and abrasions.

Inspect the front of each cabinet for a smooth finish.

Open every cabinet. Look for sturdy hinges and hardware.

Pull out every drawer as far as possible. Be sure each drawer pulls in and out smoothly.

Turn on each appliance and make sure that it functions correctly.


Inspect the bathtub, shower, sink and toilet for chips and cracks.

Close the bathtub and sink stopper. Add a couple of inches of water. Wait two to three minutes to be sure the stopper does not leak.

Flush every toilet. Check for leaks around the base of the toilet.

Sit on the toilet to make sure it is securely fastened to the floor.


Check glass to make sure there are no cracks.

Open every window to its fullest and then close it tight. Hold a lit match or lighter around the edges of the window. A flickering flame will signal an air leak.

Check each for sturdy hinges and hardware.

Be sure there is a screen tightly installed on every window. Look for holes or tears in the screen.


Open and close all doors to their fullest and then close. Look for a smooth operation of the hinge with no dragging at the bottom of the door.

Make sure all sides of the door are painted, including the tops, bottoms and edges.

Lock and unlock every door. Look for a smooth operation of the lock with no binding.

Check the threshold under every door to be sure there is no open space under the door.

Walls, Floors and Ceilings

Check the finish for the desired level of smoothness.

Check drywall for visible seams or nail heads.

Confirm that paint and varnish colors are correct.

Check floor and ceiling moldings. Look for a smooth finish with no protruding nail heads. Check for gaps that may need caulking.

Look for broken, chipped or cracked floor and wall tiles. Check for missing grout.

Look for scuff marks on hardwood, tile and linoleum flooring.

Check carpeted areas. Look for loose fitting carpet at the edges or in the middle of the room.

Porches and Decks

Check the sturdiness of the construction.

Be sure that there are no exposed nails or screws.

Garage Door

Open and close the door. Be sure the door opens and closes completely.

If there is an automatic garage door opener, test the door from the wall switch and the remote control openers. Open the door halfway and then quickly stop the opening. Place a small item like a bucket under the open door and then close the door to test the reversing device. Be sure that the light bulb in the automatic door opener is functioning.

Basement and Attic

Check the walls for cracks and water damage.

Check attic ventilation system. Manually turn any fans or blades.


Check exterior paint for defects. Be sure it is the correct color and that all surfaces are evenly covered.

Check to make sure all gutters and downspouts are installed.

Be sure there are no cracks in the garage floor, driveway or patio

The Complete Guide For Home Inspections

A home inspection is a cheap way to determine the universal value and condition of a home. If a home is not a top shape, the inspector will explain why the home is not worth buying.

Pre Purchase Inspection Options

There are several home inspection options that can be conducted before a home is purchased. Though, the most important service is a general home inspection. During a basic inspection, a certified inspector inspects the interior, ventilation, insulation, plumbing, and every electrical socket. After the inspection is complete, the inspector will provide a report that has suggestions about improvement and repair recommendations. In most cases, an inspection will reveal issues that may be too expensive to repair.

Pre Purchase Inspection Advice For Buyers

Although professional inspections are valuable, you can also tackle a few inspection tasks alone.


The ceilings and walls in every room should not have any cracks or shifts.


Ensure that there are no signs of leaks in the interior of the attic.


The basement should not be damp, but it should have adequate insulation. If the home has a crawlspace, you should let a professional inspect it.


All switches should be operational; when you test the outlets, ensure that they are grounded.

Common Problems Found During Building Inspections

If you want a thorough inspection, you must hire a qualified home inspector. Though, if you understand what to look for, you can take helpful notes during the evaluation.

Building Inspections – Water Damage

Water damage to a structure leads to rot and mold. If water drains toward the building, the crawlspaces will become wet or damp. As a result, settlement, foundation movement, and cracking will occur. If the water moves up the foundation, the walls will rot. A building usually has foundation movement when the windows are not centered, when the interior doors have gaps when they are closed, and when the floors are not level.

Property Inspection Mistakes Made By Buyers

Newly constructed homes must be inspected. Most people think that a new home has already passed all ordinances and local codes; however, many new homes are not in good condition. An inspector can find any major defects that could reduce the home’s value in the future

Sure Thing Home Inspections

Having your home inspected during the COVID-19 pandemic.

We at Home Inspections are taking this warning very seriously. We want to communicate with our agents, clients, and employees on the steps we are taking and what you can expect from your inspection.

Rest assured that our Buford home inspectors are experienced and certified professionals who will report all details, either good or of any concern to you in our reports. Our inspectors are wearing gloves, masks, and shoe covers during the inspection as well.

Should I (we) attend or not?

Due to COVID-19, we know that folks may be hesitant to attend the inspection and we certainly understand. We will be more than happy to call at the end of the inspection and do a walkthrough with you, as well as answering all of your questions

We will have the report (home inspection) out to you by the end of the day or before 8 PM. There are exceptions, however, they are rare as we do our best to deliver the inspection report to everyone as quickly as possible. Although we normally encourage attendance, during this time we ask that if you wish to attend, please bring a mask and gloves to wear with you at all times. This will help to prevent unnecessary exposure for yourself, our Buford home inspectors, and/or the occupants of the home.

home inspection reports are designed to provide a wealth of information, along with photos that will help share our findings with you. We will provide you access to the inspector via email, or you may contact our highly trained office staff after the inspection, should you have further questions.

Home Inspection Tips: What Real Estate Agents Need To Know

As a real estate agent you have the responsibility to educate your clients regarding the importance of home inspection. As a real estate agent, you also have to know the things that you need to know regarding this activity. This way, you’ll avoid home inspection nightmares

Here are some tips that you can share with your clients later on:

1. Understand the job of home inspectors – knowing that homes must be inspected is not enough. You should know what these experts really check when they inspect a house. What are they looking for and what are the most common problems do they identify?

2. Understand inspection reports – depending on where you are and on the company that was hired to do the inspection, reports may come in various forms. So you really need to familiarize yourself with the terms, abbreviations and jargons used in this industry. Know the basic information that must be included in the report and what information may be disregarded.

3. Not all inspectors are the same – not every inspector will do the same job the same way. There are some who may notice certain problems in an area of a house while others may not notice anything. Over time you’ll have someone you’ll prefer but avoid recommending anyone to a client. Instead, give them at least 3 to 5 excellent inspectors that you know of.

4. Make your clients understand home inspection – some buyers think that they can back out from the contract if a home inspector finds that the faucet is not working well. This is not always the case. They have to know what they will lose if they back out from the contract. You have to make them understand why a home inspection is made and how it can benefit them.

5. Checklist – by giving your clients a checklist, you somewhat give them an idea what is going on instead of just waiting for the result. You should also inform them about the basic questions they may want to ask, the deadlines and time frame of the entire process.

6. Encourage them to be there – it’s better that they also see first-hand the problems that the inspector saw in the house. By attending the inspection, they would also be able to ask some questions and get answers immediately.

7. Don’t follow the inspector around – stay out of the way of the inspector to reduce your liability. Also, you are not a qualified inspector so it’s better to stay outside and wait for him or her to finish the job.

The reality is that you may be called upon to make concessions in your sale price due to a home inspection. More often than not, this is the result of a home inspection. Even items that don’t seem terribly important to you can be an issue with a lender. Mortgage lenders are notorious for finding fault with the slightest items on a home inspector’s report. This is an important point to keep in mind whenever you sell a home and whenever you consider your potential cost of making a sale. Sellers always have costs involved in making a sale, including marketing costs such as placing ads, and also a real estate commission when the home is listed with an agent. But other costs to consider are those associated with issues that a home inspector has found or will find when an inspection occurs.

Home Inspection Guide

Looking to buy a property! Get a professional home inspector before you take a decision to buy a particular property. A home inspector can tell you whether the house you are buying is in need of repairs or does it has any construction or mechanical anomalies that need to be taken care of. If these anomalies can be a cause of safety concerns your home inspector should be able to tell you so.

A home inspector usually will put out a report and nowadays there a variety of home inspection report software available which are used by the home inspector for producing such reports. These reports are very exhaustive and cover every conceivable facet of the home you could think of.

When you are buying a home, it has now warranty hence it is up to you to make sure that home you are buying is not in need of major repairs. Once bought you have no recourse but to take undertake the repairs yourself and bear the cost yourself. In fact, if you already own a house and want to do home improvement then it is always better to seek the help of a home improvement expert. That way you are sure that going for home improvement you are actually not disturbing any other element of the construction as well as design.

There is another way to protect yourself from unknown and unforeseen repairs, which is called home warranties. These warranties can cover the most of the costs related to the plumbing system, airconditioning as well as the heating system. Home warranties can protect you from incurring additional unwanted expenses when you are already on a tight budget. In fact, all those costs which are not covered by insurance are covered by home warranties

Home Inspection Report Software – Essentials

In this advanced age of information technology, a home inspectors best friend is a home inspection report software. There are several inspection software programs available in the market offered by several leading companies. Some of the report software is freely downloadable as well.

The Documents You Will Need In Expat Tax Preparation

Why You Should Outsource Tax Preparation?

Planning for your business takes a lot of time and effort. Indeed, it’s a great day when you can plan for the months ahead while also staying on top of the many details of your day-to-day operations. Every day requires that you listen to your customers, ask the right questions, make risk assessments, and put out fires any fires that may spark. The pressure can seem enormous at times, but you come back and do it again each day without fail. And yet, despite your incredible competence, there’s a chance that you still have that old adage that even “the best-laid plans of mice and men often go awry” in the back of your mind. The fact is, businesses are run and staffed by humans. Even if you have a loyal group of skilled employees who work hard and a stream of satisfied customers, problems are still possible, and a wise business owner knows this and prepares for whatever may come up.

So, what do you do when running your company isn’t just business as usual? Do you have contingency plans for issues that arise during your busiest times, or for when employees call in sick, or for when you encounter paperwork headaches? Chances are you do, and this same attitude should apply to your business’s finances as well. Accounting and tax preparation can be complicated and time-consuming, and you may find yourself muddling through it long after you’ve sent your employees home for the day. This can lead to fatigue-induced mistakes, and when it comes to money, this isn’t a chance you should take. In fact, it’s the primary reason you should consider why outsource your accounting and tax preparation services.

Listed below are seven reasons why CPAs are outsourcing tax preparation services:

1. Among the primary reasons behind which businesses pay attention to tax preparation services is the expansion of the business. Likewise procuring new clients turns out to be simple when you outsource these types of services. Whenever you outsource tax preparation, you get a longer time to pay attention to the important requirements of the clients.

2. Handling an internal team for these tasks may result in a rise in the operating cost of the firm.

3. Losing clients is the very last thing that a firm expects and when you outsource tax return preparation to the offshore businesses, you can magnify your return by having to pay less. Furthermore, there is no need to lose those valuable clients as it may transpire if you happen to be caught up with crucial tasks.

4. The primal advantage of outsourcing is the fact that you obtain a high-quality job within the allotted time period.

5. Handling an outsourced company to carry out tax preparation for CPA firms is simpler as compared to dealing with an in-house team of accountants.

The top  benefits for why you should consider outsourcing your tax preparations.

Save Time & Focus on Your Business

Accounting and tax preparation can be highly time-consuming. By outsourcing your accounting and tax preparation work, including tedious tasks related to bills, payroll, mandatory declarations, and other ancillary issues.

This saves you a lot of time because as a busy entrepreneur, you get to focus on other aspects of your business and find ways to generate more income and grow your business.

No Tension Regarding Tax Laws

Tax laws and legislation are always changing, and it is challenging for an accountant or tax professional, no matter how good he or she is at the job, to stay up-to-date with them.

The outsourced accountant is always a step ahead when it comes to their knowledge about the tax laws and legislation. As far as the accountant is concerned, he or she can take it easy and focus on doing their job without having to worry about missing out on any local tax incentives.

Best Accounting Software

Not using the best technologies at work is detrimental to an accountant’s career. A lot is at stake because he or she is dealing with sensitive information. Tax preparation outsourcing for accounting firms will make sure the most recent version of the tax and accounting systems is used since the outsourcing provider will support them with the latest technologies.

Reduce Costs

Many companies have made the mistake in hiring and training too-green bookkeepers or accountants for the low cost and high convenience. By outsourcing, companies save money on expenses related to recruitment, employee benefits, training, accounting software, hardware, and office supplies, so entrepreneurs can focus on daily operations, team management and customer acquisition which are more important for your company growth.

No More Mistakes

If an accountant inputs copious amounts of data into the accounting tools daily, there are bound to be mistakes that could put the accountant’s reputation in jeopardy, and cost his or her clients big bucks. Tax preparation outsourcing for accounting firms keeps such worries at bay as they typically deploy a two-step review system to ensure the job is completed with 100% accuracy.

Take the hassle out of dodging SARS because you keep delaying and postponing your tax preparations because you are unable to find the time to do them. Take the initiative to do what is best for your business and outsource. It not as difficult as you may think it is.

Here are reasons on Why you should outsource tax filing & preparation.

  • One of the real reasons behind which organizations concentrate on bookkeeping and tax preparation services is the development of the business. Additionally, securing new customers turn out to be simple when you outsource these services.When you outsource tax filing preparation services, you get more opportunity to concentrate on the important needs of the customers.
  • You don’t need to approach quality staff in your office and recruiting staffs and delegating work can be much more troublesome. Rather than getting into such problems, outsourcing these undertakings is more advantageous and helpful for the business.
  • Losing customers is the last thing that a business expects and when you outsource accounting and tax preparation from the organizations, you can twofold your income by paying less. In addition, you don’t lose those valuable customers as it may happen if you are distracted by basic undertakings.

The Core Requirements Of Pediatric EHR

How do I choose a pediatric dentist?

Good oral care is just one of the many responsibilities that come with being a parent. Children’s teeth, compared to adult’s teeth, are more prone to cavities and fractures.  That’s why it is a must that parents bring their children for dental check-ups at least twice a year. When children are already experiencing tooth pain even before they have visited a dentist, it makes it harder for the parent to convince them to have someone else look at their teeth. Their fear of adding more pain to what they already have hinders their ability to trust the dentist, especially with all the odd looking tools and scary sounds they hear in most dental offices.

Pediatric dentists are not that different from general dentists. They have the same medical degree and the same professional responsibilities. The only thing that sets pediatric dentists apart from general practice dentists is the certification training they have gained on how to deal with children, which for a parent may mean everything. They also study different procedures and techniques such as conscious and deep sedations that are applicable to treating children with autism. Pediatric dentists are strongly recommended for children with ADS, since they are familiar with the symptoms of the illness and they are trained in how to manage children with autism in order to complete necessary procedures.

Here are some points to remember when choosing the right pediatric dentist for your child:

Qualification and Certification

Please keep in mind that the pediatric dentist you choose to care for your child’s dental health should have completed a course in Pediatric Dentistry from an accredited institution.

Active License to Practice

The pediatric dentist should have a license that permits him or her to practice the said dental profession in your state. Professional dental licenses are approved and given by the state board. Usually certifications and licenses of dentists are displayed in the reception area of a dental clinic. If this is not the case do not hesitate to ask the dentist about it.

Good Behavior Management Skills

It is known that children with ASD possess disrupted communication and social skills. You need to find a dentist who has strong behavior management skills. A dentist that greets your child with a big, warm smile would be a good start. Pediatric dentists are specifically trained to use communication that is built on a dynamic process of dialogue, facial expression, and voice tone. A good example of a therapeutic interaction from your dentist to your child would be the dentist allowing the child to observe how the dental chair goes up and down, without the child having to sit on the chair yet. In this manner, the dentist is addressing your child’s fear. Pediatric dentists should not be aggressively forceful especially on the first dental visit.

Know The Difference Between A Pediatric And Family Dentist

Family dentists are general dentists and they provide professional dental care to patients of all ages, not just children. Pediatric dentists, on the other hand, must undergo 2 more years of specialized training and be board-certified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. They work exclusively with children.

If you want to find a pediatric dentist near you, you can check out the AAPD’s search tool here. You may also be able to get referrals and recommendations from family and friends, or your general dentist.

Take A Look At Online Reviews

Once you’ve identified a few nearby pediatric dentists, we recommend taking a quick look at the online reviews for each one. Online reviews are generally a good way to get an idea of what you can expect from a particular dentist, and provide you with a lot of valuable information about their services, bedside manner, and how well they work with kids of a particular age.‍

Schedule Consultations With Each Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric dentists are happy to schedule consultations where you and your kids can meet the dentist, visit the office, and learn more about what they do. During this time, no dental work will be done. You’ll just have the opportunity to visit each office, talk to the dentist and the staff, and learn more about the practice.

You can also see how child-friendly the practice is. A great pediatric dental office will cater to children with toys, books, fun colors, and a relaxed atmosphere that helps your child stay calm and entertained before, during, and after their appointment.

Ask for Recommendations

To start the process of finding the right pediatric dentist in Raleigh, you may want to ask other mothers or friends about the dentists they use. You can also ask your pediatrician and/or family doctor for recommendations.

Call and Ask Questions

Prepare a few questions and call the pediatric dentists you are considering. A quick phone interview can help you determine which dentist would be best for your child. Common questions to ask include how long they’ve been in business, their pediatric specialties, how long it takes to schedule an appointment and what types of insurance they accept. If you have a special needs child or a child with learning disabilities, you may want to ask the dentist if they accept children with special needs and what steps they take to ensure the child is comfortable and relaxed.

Good knowledge of dental equipment

When you take a tour of the dental clinic, make sure you check up on the pediatrician as well. You should check if the dental clinic has all the necessary dental equipment or not. If your autistic child is in need of any kind sedation, they should be able to provide that. Some of the common things that your ADS suffering child will be requiring include oxygen tank, papoose board, pulse oximeter and more.

Don’t assume general dentists are best for your child

Pediatric dentists go through two extra years of residency training after dental school. This makes them especially qualified to provide pediatric dental care. General dentists don’t have this same level of training to work with children. As a result, they may not be able to explain dental procedures in a way that’s easy for your child to understand.

Your child’s first impression of the dentist is important. A bad first experience could make your child afraid of the dentist. Our pediatric dentists give your child the tools they need to maintain a healthy smile for life. You should especially choose a pediatric dentist if your child has anxiety or other special needs.

Choose a pediatric dentist close to home

We recommendchoosing a new pediatric dentist that’s close to home or your child’s school. That way, you won’t have to travel long distances for a dental emergency or in bad weather. It’s much more convenient to have your child’s dentistlocated nearby.

At the same time, it may be worth it to you to drive a bit farther to get your child the quality dental care they need. As the parent who’ll be responsible for taking their child to the dentist, it’s up to you.

Steam Deep Cleaning Why It Is Important

How to Deep Clean Your House: Complete Room-By-Room Guide

Whether you’re hoping to do a big spring clean or overhauling your home at any time of the year, there are some great tips for deep cleaning in every room of the house.

You’ll be surprised by all the places you may not have considered adding to your cleaning list, but you’ll definitely be glad you’ve added them.

Deep cleaning your house may sound daunting and you might fancy enlisting the help of your local cleaning company, but bear with us.

We’ve pieced together these great steps to getting your home spotless – whether that’s before guests come to stay over in the holidays or just because you’re sick of seeing the same dust on that window sill and the same stain on the bath – so you can take it in your stride, knowing what needs to be done next.

Why Should I Deep Clean My House?

Having a clean house is quite important, not only for aesthetics but for the health of yourself and anyone living with you. Cleaning gets rid of dust, dirt, mould and grime which can all cause illnesses if left too long.

COVID-19 Deep cleaning guidance in Care Homes

Deep cleaning is a more enhanced programme of environmental cleaning, which compliments the routine daily cleaning in a care home.  It includes the thorough cleaning of all surfaces, floors, soft furnishings and reuseable equipment either within the whole environment or in a particular area, e.g. resident’s room.

The guidance includes information on:

Colour coding

Equipment required for a deep clean

Handling waste during COVID-19

Procedure for a deep clean of a resident’s room

Tips and tricks: A guide to deep cleaning your fridge

With summer just around the corner, now is the perfect time to refresh your home and get stuck into the tasks you’ve been avoiding. Get started now so you can enjoy the great weather scheduled ahead, making the most out of the spring showers that currently prevent you from heading outdoors. There’s no need to rush or clean everything at once – you don’t want to get overwhelmed, after all. The best way to get started is tackling one element of the room at a time. Here, we look into how to clean your fridge.

Getting started

Worried about not having the kit you need to clean? Well, you may well already have it all anyway – and it’s important to stress that you don’t have to go out and buy lots of things to carry out this task. Black refuse bags, antibacterial cleaning spray, sponges, paper towels, bicarbonate of soda and, ideally, a cooler to keep your food in while you clean are all you need.

You can actually make your own natural cleaning products, if you want to go down the eco-friendly route. You may, for example, need to get rid of any nasty stains that cause lingering smells in fridges – and you can do this with a mixture of baking soda and vinegar. We’ll explain more about this later.

Fridge cleaning tips

There’s more to cleaning a fridge than just chucking out your old food, although that is a good starting point. If there’s a lot to throw away, aim to do this not long before bin day so that your food waste doesn’t sit waiting for too long.

Sort through your food and empty your fridge

Start by going through all of the items in your fridge – you may be shocked at what’s lurking at the back. The golden rule is that if it’s out of date and inedible, throw it away. Some items that are close to their sell-by date can be frozen instead, so do double check before you purge your fridge.

Guide to home and office cleaning during the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak

To reduce the risk of coronavirus (COVID-19) infection, more frequent cleaning is recommended in all properties, including those with no confirmed cases of coronavirus. When cleaning, extra attention should be given to ‘high-touch’ surfaces such as door handles and light switches.

If there has been a confirmed or suspected case of coronavirus in a property, it is recommended that the property is deep cleaned and disinfected to reduce the risk of transmission to other people.

How to clean: When there is confirmed or suspected coronavirus

If there has been a confirmed or suspected case of coronavirus in a property, the following steps should be taken to clean and disinfect the property

Find out when the property was last contaminated with coronavirus

A study has shown that coronavirus (COVID-19) is stable for two to three days on plastic and stainless steel surfaces. Therefore extra precautions are recommended throughout this guide if the property was exposed to coronavirus within the last 72 hours

If there is a person in the property with suspected or confirmed coronavirus, this person should be isolated to a single room while the cleaning takes place. This person should also use their own bathroom if possible. Unless needed, these rooms should not be cleaned until this person has completed the required isolation period. If a separate bathroom is not available, this person should clean and disinfect the shared bathroom after each use

Coronavirus: Deep Cleaning Tips for Holiday Rentals

Providing a safe and clean property has always been one of the highest priorities for holiday let owners and managers. It’s now more important than ever to re-evaluate your cleaning procedures and take measures to clean and disinfect your rental to protect yourself and your guests.

It’s essential to regain the trust of travellers that you reassure them that your holiday rental will be correctly cleaned for their stay. From disinfecting to using the right products and step-by-step cleaning guidelines, here are some coronavirus cleaning tips to help protect your cleaners and guests during COVID-19 and beyond.

COVID-19 is still a relatively unknown virus and how the virus lives on surfaces is yet to be fully understood. It’s possible for someone to contract COVID-19 by touching a contaminated surface – like a door handle or light switch, and the virus may live on some surfaces for several hours or even days.

It’s likely that your cleaner(s) will be the first ones to enter your property after the last guests depart, so it’s essential to protect them with the right equipment and procedures so they stay healthy. Share information on how they can protect themselves and keep them updated on the latest Government safety advice, so they know you are looking out for their wellbeing.

Here are some recommendations for your cleaning crew:

Cleaners should not work at all if they have symptoms of COVID-19.

Ensure cleaners are working to the government social distancing guidelines if working as a team.

Cleaners should wear face masks as it’s possible that they are contagious but not experiencing symptoms. They should also wear safety glasses, shoe covers, aprons, gloves and avoid touching any uncleaned surfaces then touching their face.

They should wash their hands immediately on arrival (following the correct procedure for handwashing) and immediately after gloves are removed. If that’s not possible, hand sanitiser should be used.

Make sure your cleaners know how to safely remove any cleaning gear, dispose of it or sanitise accordingly after use. PPE items should be changed between cleans.

Try and avoid any cleaning during a guests stay.

Bats The Misunderstood Mammal


Bats are flying mammals that serve a very useful purpose: they eat enormous quantities of insects. In the summer, they can find their way into homes—typically in roof eaves, in crevices around the roof covering, in the attic, or under siding—where they roost in large groups called colonies. They can enter through an opening as small as 6 mm wide. Bats usually settle near a body of water

Do not let them take up residence anywhere in your home—not even in the attic. The presence of bats, their feces (commonly referred to as guano) and urine, as well as the parasites they carry, will result in unsanitary conditions.

A further concern is rabies transmission: a very rare occurrence, but still a possibility. In the evening or at night, when bats are active, one or two may involuntarily find themselves inside your house. If this happens, they must be got rid of.

Are bats useful or bothersome?

A single bat can devour thousands of mosquitoes and other insects in one hour.

Their activity allows for reduced use of insecticides in farming areas and, in turn, less ground and water pollution.

Bats are natural eliminators of stinging and biting insects that are recognized carriers of diseases like West Nile virus, Lyme Disease, etc.

If a single bat is loose in your house:

Before you begin, put on a pair of leather work gloves.

Open doors and windows and wait for the bat to fly out on its own. If the bat is there in the daytime, leave all indoor lights off; the bat will leave when night falls.

If this doesn’t work, try to capture the bat and release it outside.

The Ultimate Repellent Guide: How to Get Rid of Bats From Your Attic or Household

You’re here because bats in your household are giving you headaches, right? That’s bad news, but we’ve got some good news for you now: after reading this article you’ll know exactly what steps you need to take to make this problem a thing of the distant past. This guide is suitable for you if you’re looking for information on how to get rid of bats in your attic without incurring thousands of dollars in removal costs. On our website, you will learn the different methods that we and other professionals use to get rid of these foul beasts safely and efficiently.

Whether you’re a D.I.Y kinda guy/gal, or just want to get the professionals in to remove your little flying friends quick-smart, the following information will guide you in the right way. Click the links in the table of contents to jump to the correct section

Bat Facts – What You Need to Know

​Bats are winged mammals most commonly known for their habitation of caves and consumption of various insects over the course of the night. These animals, many of which are either threatened or endangered depending on the species, provide a great deal of color to the nig

Where Do Bats Live? (when not in your attic or home)

Bats most commonly roost in caves, which provide a safe, enclosed area for them to sleep and raise their young. But they don’t always utilize a cave. Mexican free-tailed bats, for example, can create a roost in almost any environment provided it is dark and shut-in. This flexibility in habitats means that your home could be at risk for a colony invasion. And since a bat colony can contain anywhere from 40 to twenty thousand bats, the damage done to your home can be extensive.

Evidence That You May Have Bats In Your Attic or Home

Bats seek the safety of dark, enclosed areas like caves to raise their young, called pups, However, when a cave is not available or overpopulated, bats will turn to the household attic because it most resembles a cave. An attic may even have some advantages over a cave because of the reduction in predators and the advantage of height. If you want to learn more how to remove the bats yourself (DIY)

Bat in Your House? Here’s How to Get it Out.

You’re watching TV or making dinner when you hear the flapping of wings. Imagine your surprise when you discover it’s not a bird — but a bat that’s found its way into your home! Nobody likes uninvited guests. But compared to common pests like flies, ants or mice… a flying bat circling above you is universally spooky. That’s because these winged creatures have developed a reputation as disease-carrying pests out to infest your home.

Here’s the truth: Despite their prominence in horror films and Halloween decorations, bats are actually beneficial for the environment. In fact, bats are crucial to insect control, pollination and seed dispersal. And according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), less than 10% of bats tested for rabies are actually infected.


A lost or curious bat can fly into your house through open windows or doors. If that’s the case, odds are it’s looking for a way out. But a more common reason bats invade your living space is to find a place to have babies in the fall or spring. Whatever the time of year, bats can sneak in through an entry point as small as 3/8 of an inch wide. This includes gaps in your siding, roof or soffit, as well as chimneys and attic vents. And if they make themselves at home, there’s no limit to how long they’ll stay.


Whether you have a rogue flyer or a momma bat in the attic, use these bat removal tips to help it get back outside — and out of your living room:

Wear the proper protective gear. When handling a bat, never use your bare hands. Wear gloves (thick leather gloves are best), clothing and even a mask to protect yourself from bites. Bats aren’t typically aggressive, but it’s always best to play it safe.

Keep calm. When trying to remove a bat from your home, do your best to stay calm. Avoid making loud noises (like screaming, “There’s a bat in my house!”) or chasing the animal. It’s also a good idea to remove any pets from the room. An excited or panicked bat will be more difficult to catch.

Trap and release. The easiest way to release a bat back into the wild is to trap it in a box or container. Start by waiting for the bat to land (likely a place it can hang). Quickly place a plastic container or cardboard box over the bat. Then, slide a piece of cardboard or thick paper under the box and release the bat outside. When releasing the bat, try to let it go near a tree so it can climb (most bats can’t take flight from the ground).

Contact a local professional. Bats are a protected species in many states. If you aren’t confident in handling the situation yourself, contact a local pest control specialist for help. This is one of the safest options, too, especially if your bat problem persists


Bats prefer to roost in high places, like attics, chimneys or porch ceilings. Bats are typically quiet animals, although you might hear squeaking or scratching noises when they’re on the move. The telltale sign of where bats are roosting is their droppings – they look like mouse droppings, but larger. You might also find rub or scratch marks at the point where they enter your home.

How to Get Rid of Bats that are flying in your living space.

Step by Step Guide.

If you are certain that there has been no contact with the bat, here are the steps to follow to get it out of your home.

Step 1 : Isolate the bat. Close doors and the other parts of the house, possibly even putting a towel on the ground to prevent the bat from crawling under the closed doors if there is a gap.

Step 2: Open a door or window as close to the bat as possible. The bat is lost and wants to get out of your home where it can find food and water. It also wants to get away from all the scary humans. It will eventually (could take up to an hour sometimes) sense the fresh air movement and fly outside.

Step 3: Turn off anything that makes noise. Loud noises often confuse bats’ echolocation systems. Turning off anything that makes noise will go a long way in helping the bat to find its way out.

Step 4: Keep an eye on the bat. Many hours can be spend searching in the house/room for the bat if it goes into hiding. When it does fly out, it will be sudden – and quiet. It may circle the room from time to time before it discovers the open window.

Step 5. Removing the bat. If the bat does not seem to be exiting the room on its own or you are feeling impatient, you can attempt to capture the bat and release it outside. It is a good idea to wear gloves and long pants when attempting to capture the bat.

Here are a few methods.

Throw a towel over the bat. Once the bat is under the towel, scoop it up, making sure to wrap the bat inside. Be sure not to crush it!

Place an empty laundry basket or wastepaper basket over the bat. Then take a newspaper, magazine or other similar object and slide it between the wall/floor and the bat. Make sure not to pinch the bat.

Use a small-meshed net to capture the bat. ( A large-meshed net may capture the bat as well but it may injure it as the bat will likely become entangled in the net and require you to use a more hands on approach.

Step 6: You will hear a clicking noise which means that the bat is scared and may actually attempt to bite. Once you have the bat inside the towel or a container, bring it outside, some distance from the house. Make sure that any doors or windows are now closed. Remove the towel or newspaper and turn the container on its side. The bat should be able to get out and fly away.Keep in mind that it is not easy for the bat to take off from the ground, so if possible, push the container or towel as close to a tree as possible.

Whew, the bat is out of my house. How do I ensure that it stays out?

Usually the first time you have bats, there is a slight chance that they have entered from an open door or a window and it can be dismissed as an one-time event. But if it happens repeatedly, then we can safely say that you have some bats living in your home.

Best Way To Get Rid Of Bats

Many people have a great fear of bats.  After all, they are mysterious, scary looking and can transmit rabies.  If that’s not enough, we also watch scary movies about blood-sucking vampires to increase our fear of bats.  The good news is that vampires are not real, however, vampire bats are quite real, and they do suck blood from humans.  With that said bats are still quite misunderstood and they are considered to be an essential part of our ecosystem.  Here is everything you need to know about them, and the best way to get rid of bats when they become a pest.

About Bats

Bats have a very unique skeleton and are among the most diverse vertebrate groups in the animal kingdom. With more than 1300 species (Fenton and Simmons, 2014), bats make up a fifth of all mammals on the planet. Although bats vary in size and color, they all belong to the mammal order Chiroptera, which means “hand-wing.” and are the only mammals that can truly fly.

As with other mammals, bats are warm-blooded,  covered with hair and give birth to live “pups” that drink milk from their mothers. Bats can further be classified into different groups based on size (megabats and microbats) or by what they eat.  Most bats are insectivores (insect eaters) or frugivores  (fruit-eaters). A few species feed on animals other than insects; for example, the vampire bats feed on blood.

What Do Bats Look Like?

Bats are usually described as looking like a rodent with wings.  A bats wing is similar to a human hand.  Instead of a thumb, they have a strong claw that they use for grabbing and climbing. The rest of the long fingers are attached by a thin layer of skin or wing membrane that stretches between each finger of the hand all the way to the leg which allows them to fly.

What Is A Bats Lifecycle?

Females will roost to give birth to young usually in a cave, tree, abandon building or attic space. An adult female bat will usually only have one pup during a birthing period and may give birth up to three times per year.

Truck Tires Chain Reviews

Types of Truck Tires

When you’re looking for truck tires, there are many options to choose from depending on your region’s climate, the kind of driving you like to do, and other variables. While your local AutoNation service center can help you find the perfect tire for you, this handy guide can get you started down the road to understanding truck or SUV tires!

If your vehicle is all-wheel drive or a 4×4, then you’ll want to keep the tires the same on all four wheels. However, if you own a single-axle drive vehicle (such as front- or rear-wheel drive) then you can differ tire size, tread, and type between wheels on the front or rear axle, though both tires on the same axle should be the same.

“Truck” Tires

Truck tires can be used on a truck, SUV, or CUV. While offering some heavy-duty or off-road capability, truck tires do come with improved handling, ride, and noise capabilities over off-road, all-terrain, or mud tires.

Truck tires are for truck, SUV, or CUV owners who do more street or highway driving than off-roading, and are good for most climate conditions, as many are all-season tires, too.


Off-Road tires offer supreme performance on sand, gravel, mud, and rocky terrains. They offer larger and deeper sipes (treads) so that they can grip and obtain maximum traction on uneven surfaces. However, off-road tires are much noisier on roads and can have very poor ride quality at highway speeds.

Off-road tires are for drivers who frequently find themselves without pavement or with rocky terrains in their paths. They were designed for uneven or unpaved terrains, include improved puncture resistance, and are often all-season, but aren’t great on the paved bits between home and adventuring.


All-terrain tires offer the best of touring and off-road tires. They are quieter and more smooth on highways or paved surfaces than off-road tires and are better at handling wet, rocky, muddy, or sandy situations than normal truck tires. Just as with all-season tires for cars, all-terrain tires are good any time of year and on most driving surfaces.

If you enjoy equal parts off-road and paved surfaces, then the all-terrain tire is for you. It offers a happy balance of off-road tire capability while ensuring paved surfaces aren’t a nightmare.

Mud Tires

Mud tires have wider and deeper treat gaps and blocks, offering more space for mud or uneven surfaces to squeeze through. The squeeze and release of debris, such as sand, mud, or rocks, ensures that drivers leave the dirty stuff on the road and not clinging into the tire’s treads. The narrow blocks and gaps on all-season or all-terrain tires may not release clumps of mud or rocks as easily, decreasing traction on uneven surfaces.

Mud tires are for drivers that often see uneven and unpaved road surfaces, but don’t need rock-crawling performance. These tires will offer some protection against punctures, but will be worse on paved surfaces than all-terrain or truck tires.

Winter Tires

Similarly to car tires, winter truck tires offer improved performance in snowy or icy conditions over all-terrain tires. They offer softer rubber that won’t freeze in the cold, have improved traction on snow, and can even come with studs for griping icy roads.

Winter tires are for drivers that face extreme winter weather, such as long-term or heavy snow and ice. For convenience, it’s easiest to have a spare set of wheel rims for each set of tires, such as one wheel set for all-terrain tires and one wheel set for winter tires.

Heavy Duty Tires

If you’re the kind of truck, SUV, or CUV owner that likes to haul trailers or max-out the payload capacity of your vehicle, then heavy duty tires are for you. These tires offer commercial vehicle reliability for everyday driving.

Heavy duty tires are for the CUV, Truck, or SUV owner who works commercially. They offer supreme durability and longevity, and are capable on highways or on the job site.

The differences of Passenger and Light Truck rated tires

When we look at the load rating the tire is very safe as we have exceeded the requirments.  Now some people may want to call me an idiot as I have installed a lower speed rating on my truck from factory, please don’t stop reading now.  This definitely can be a concern for a tire shop by taking on this liability, in fact most tire shops will tell you they won’t install this tire on your truck.

Please find below a summary and more details on the differences of Passenger and Light Truck rated tires;

1. P tires refer to Passenger tires and LT refers to Light Truck tires.

LT tires are constructed of more tread ply’s.  Tread ply’s are the layers of material found inside of the tire(see featured image)  LT tires are made with tread ply’s of 6(C), 8(D),10(E) or 12(F).  P tires only have a 4(B) ply load range. 

2. P rated tires are lighter weight when compared to LT tires.

The extra rotational weight also steals more power from the engine for acceleration and will increase the length of your emergency stops.  If economy or vehicle performance is high on your list P rated is the best option.  In a comparison of the General Grabber AT2 tire, the P rated tire is 41.7 lbs when the LT(10 ply) rated tire is 48.5 lbs. 

 3. P rated tires offer a smoother ride quality and better bump absorption.

Feel the small cracks and bumps on road way more with LT rated tires.  Please note LT tires usually run higher tire pressures which can also be a factor of this feedback.  If smooth ride is high on your list P rated is the best option. 

 4. LT tires are stronger when compared to the P rated tires.

Due to the tire having more tread ply’s and in some cases even more sidewall tread ply’s you can get higher load ratings and more tire durability.  I primarily use LT rated tires because I carry a lot of weight when overlanding and drive on terrain with jagged rocks and sharp sticks.  If a high load rating or tire resistance to punctures is high on your list LT rated is the best option.

5. LT tires can offer 3 ply sidewalls while all P rated have 2 ply side walls.

A common weak spot of our tires when offroading is the sidewall.  When going with a LT rated tire you can find companies that upgrade from a 2 ply to a 3 ply sidewall, this can help reduce tires punctures.  If resistance to sidewall punctures is high on your list LT rated tires with 3 ply sidewalls are the best option.

6. LT tires are made of more aggressive treads than the P type tires.

This may be a generality but it is very rare to get mud terrain treads in a P rated tire.  All terrain and Hiway tire treads can be found in most cases P and LT rated tires.  However an example like the BFG All Terrain KO2 is only available in LT rated versions.

7. P rated tires have better tread wear warranty

This is a generality, however it is much easier finding a tread wear guarantee from a tire manufacturer when you buy P rated vs LT rated tires.

If you are torn between which is best for you, don’t forget about LT rated 6 ply tires.  These usually come with a 2 ply sidewall and are a nice middle ground between P rated tires and LT rated 10 ply tires.

What to Do if You Witness a Tire Blowout

One of the reasons tire blowouts are so dangerous is because they don’t just affect the truck and the vehicle they collide with. The debris can fly into the path of nearby vehicles, causing secondary accidents. Below are a few tips to keep you safe:

  • Keep your distance. It’s never a good idea to drive too close to a semi-trailer. Beyond the risk of a blowout, you also have to consider other mechanical failures, the truck’s load, and its blind spots. If you can, it’s always best to avoid driving side by side with a large truck. If you are driving behind a large truck, allow plenty of distance.
  • Move over. If you see a tire blowout, move away from the truck as quickly and safely as possible. Do not slam on your brakes or drive into the path of another vehicle. This can cause an accident on its own. If you are behind the truck, slow down in a safe and controlled manner.
  • Buckle up. In the event of an accident, your odds of survival are much higher if you are wearing your seatbelt. No matter how far you drive, or how slow you go, always wear your seatbelt. The NHTSA reports that nearly 10 percent of vehicle occupants do not wear their seatbelts.

Getting Your Home Renovation Ideas Off The Ground

What reality TV shows like The Block and House Rules teach us about renovating

We’ve witnessed the dummy spits, tantrums and blowups on reality renovation TV shows but there are also some great pieces of advice when it comes to home makeovers that we can take away from these shows. Through the contestant’s tears and heartache to renovate an ideal children’s bedroom or a chic bathroom we’ve pulled out 5 key renovation messages.  So when you’re about to get stuck into your own renovations, minimize stress and drama by following these reality TV red hot tips.

Create a Realistic Budget

On these reality renovation shows such as The Block and House Rules it’s usually the production company setting the budget, with contestants then given a set figure to work with to transform the property. Nine times out of ten, the contestants always spend over their budget! Lucky for them though, they have challenges along the way where they are given the opportunity to win more money and vouchers towards their renovations. Clearly this is not the case for you when you overspend on those bathroom tiles, leaving you with just a few hundred dollars to spend on the remaining fittings for the bathroom!

Timing is Everything

In season one of The Block, the contestants were only given 14 weeks to complete their home renovations! That’s not a considerable amount of time for a full home renovation but that’s TV for you and they made it happen. Deadlines and timings is everything when it comes to home renovations, not only so an episode of House Rules can get to air but so all jobs can be completed that have a flow on effect. For example, you need to know how long the bathroom waterproofing will take to be done so you know when to book the tiler in. Or if you’re planning on giving the inside of your house a fresh lacquer of paint before putting it on the market given it plenty of days to dry before the first open house.

The Home

While everyone has their own tastes when it comes to renovating and designing a home, here are a few rules of thumb we’ve learnt from shows like The Block and House Rules.

Changing Trends: It may be cool and hip now to have a black and white striped lounge room but in a few years’ time that fad will look daggy and dated. This is the last thing you want at a critical time when you’re wanting to sell. So instead, decorate with trendy items, as they’re easier to replace once they go out of fashion.

Utilise buildings and natural features: Don’t go knocking down exposed red brick or an old gum tree in the front yard. Work around the properties natural structures. They add character and a unique touch to your home and can work in your favour when it comes to resale.

Matching colours is a no no: On several episodes of these reality TV shows we’ve seen contestants criticised by the judges for mimicking tones in a room. For example, colour coding the print on a bedroom wall with throw cushions on the bed. So take this tip from the judges and don’t match colours, it will save yourself time and stress.

Keep it simple: Less is best! Many contestants seem to head down the path of excess, too many pillows, crowding the wall with paintings or cluttering shelves with knick-knacks just for the sake of it. Minimize for a modern, fresh and bigger looking place.

The Team

There’s no ‘I’ in team! And when it comes to the success of a renovation it’s because of one big team effort. As we have seen on these reality TV shows, everything can suddenly fall apart when everyone isn’t working together and respecting each others’ roles. Here are a few of the key players in a renovation team.

Tradies are your experts in the trade! Pulling together trusted and reliable tradies is crucial for a smooth operating renovation. Get recommendations on the best plumber or tiler in the area and always check their insurances and licenses. As seen on the TV renovation shows, contestants always ring around to get several quotes for any job to ensure they’re in the right ballpark when it comes to costing.

Designers are your go to for the look and feel of the place. Just like tradies, they’re the experts in the field, so trust their opinion when they say red and pink shouldn’t go side by side.

Suppliers will provide you with the tangible items to make your renovations happen, be it bricks, paint, plants, kitchen sinks etc. Suppliers are key personnel to the renovation team.

You are NOT the expert! Don’t get zapped like Paul did in season 1, episode 4 of The Block. Cutting corners will cost you money and time in the long run and even a trip to the hospital. The more an owner takes on the more stressful those larger scale renovation can be. DIY renovations may not necessarily be cheaper.

How Much Does It Cost To Remodel A Bathroom?

Average Cost of a Bathroom Remodel

The average bathroom remodel costs $10,670 Most homeowners spend between $6,065 and $15,278. You can spend as little as $3,500 to $7,000 updating the essentials in a small or medium-sized bathroom. On a large or master bath, you could spend $25,000 or more. Labor averages 50% of the total project price at about $65 per hour. Expect pricing to vary regionally up to 20% due mainly to labor. Material prices stay roughly the same across the country.

Estimating Bathroom Remodel Costs

Bathroom remodel costs run anywhere from $2,500 to $25,000. Large master baths in luxury homes might even hit or exceed $50,000. The typical homeowner will spend between $6,000 and $15,000 for a complete tear out and replacement of all walls, fixtures and appliances.

Labor will run you anywhere from 40% to 65% of your total project. Ranges depend on your location. While material pricing doesn’t change much from place to place, a higher cost of living means higher wages.

Determining your bathroom makeover budget can be tricky. Consider the following:

Room size.

Regional pricing differences. Expect to pay up to 20% more if you live in an area with high real estate prices.

Quality of materials. A fiberglass shower surround might run only $300. Custom tile work can easily hit $3,000+.

Changing the floor plan. Making your bath larger, like converting a half bath to a full bath costs an additional $5,000+.

Type of fixtures, appliances, counters and finishes you choose. Make a plan that includes both design and budget before choosing what to buy for your bath remodel.

Bathroom Remodel Material Prices

Materials for the average bathroom remodel run anywhere from $2,100 to $9,000. Understanding how those prices break down individually helps determine where best to invest your money and time.

How Much Does It Cost To Install A Window?

Window Installation Costs

Window installation costs $5,628 total, or between $2,952 and $8,759. Labor costs $150 to $800 per window, or about $40 per hour. A single window unit runs $300 to $1,200 for standard sizes. Custom and bay windows may cost $2,000 or more. Compare quotes from local window installers for the best price.

House Window Prices

Individual prices range from $85 to $2,500 or more with installation adding an additional $150 to $800. The price depends on several factors including accessibility and the total number in a project. Material type is the largest cost factor. On the lower end of the spectrum is a vinyl, single-hung, replacement unit. On the highest end of the price spectrum is a solid mahogany-framed, triple-pane, low-E picture style.

Window Costs for New Construction

New construction windows run anywhere from $85 to $1,400. Designed for new construction and during remodels where the stud-framing is exposed, they attach directly to the studs via a flange called a nail fin frame.

Window Prices by Size

There are hundreds of common sizes available, but brand, design and material play a more significant role in pricing. Unless you purchase a very large, pre-hung type such as a bay or picture style, size only impacts the material price, not installation.

Replacement Window Prices

Replacements run $200 to $1,300 depending on size, installation requirements and material. Specialty types, such as glass block and large picture styles, can run upwards of $2,500 or more. Replacing existing windows costs less than cutting walls for new ones.

How Much Does It Cost To Install Or Replace Countertops?

Countertop Estimator

Countertop installation costs $2,949 on average, with a typical range of $1,863 and $4,125. Homeowners usually pay $15 to $70 per square foot for the material and $10 to $30 per square foot for labor, for a total of $25 to $120 per square foot.

Countertops are a functional centerpiece in any kitchen, bathroom or bar area. When you choose materials for your home, it’s important to consider what they’ll be up against every day. In a kitchen, they need to withstand scratches, nicks and burns. In a bathroom, they will combat high moisture levels and frequent heat.

New Countertop Installation Costs

The expense to install a countertop averages around $3,000, including $10 to $30 per square foot for labor. Basic pricing depends on:

the materials you choose

whether an existing surface needs removal

whether you’ll need to resize to fit an awkward space

edging, grouting, staining and sealing

Talk to a contractor about all of the steps and costs involved in your project. A professional will be able to give you the most accurate quote

Countertop Prices Per Square Foot

At $10 to $30 per square foot, installation can represent as much as half the total expense. Countertop materials range from $1 to $190 per square foot, with an average of $15 to $70 per square foot. Types that cost more, such as stainless steel or marble, do not necessarily run higher for labor.

Labor Cost to Install Tile vs. Slab Countertops

Although there can be significant variation in labor expenses by material, slabs tend to cost less than tile. Installation for slab runs around $10 to $15 per square foot, compared to $20 to $30 per square foot for smaller tiles. Although bigger pieces are heavy and require extra care, pros can lay them faster.

How Much Does A Garage Door Cost?

Garage Door Installation Cost

Garage door installation costs $1,116 on average with a typical range between $738 and $1,496. A standard, single garage door ranges from $600 to $1,500 installed. A double car door averages $800 to $1,500 installed. Labor costs about $300 per unit, while the price of a new garage door is $300 to $1,100.

Pros tend to price these per project, which includes labor, the door, tracks and any hardware. Design and material might increase the overall cost but won’t affect how long the job takes or the labor needed. If you’re changing any structural parts of the garage or installing new electrical, you’ll need permits. Homeowners associations sometimes have strict requirements for materials and designs.

Garage Door Replacement Cost

Garage door replacement costs $600 to $2,750. Full replacements run the same as the average new installation. You might save some money if you use your old opener or rails. The following chart breaks down the individual prices of each item

Garage Door Replacement Cost Considerations

Whatever your budget, add 20% for overages and other cost considerations when either installing a new door or replacing the one you already have. Some common additions you’ll want to think about include:

Location: cost varies. If it costs more to live there, it’ll probably cost more for the door.

Removing and disposing: $25-$100. Often included in your quote.

Resizing the opening: $500-$5,000. Costs depend on structural needs. Simply adding height means removing, bracing and replacing structural elements that hold up the roof.

Hardware replacement: $50-$350. Hardware includes springs, hinges and bolts. Most hardware comes included in the estimate.

Materials: You’ll choose a new door from a wide variety of materials, styles, shapes and sizes, which varies widely in price.

Garage Door Replacement or Repair Cost Comparison

Garage door repairs run anywhere from $100 to $600 or more. Even at its worst, it’s 50% less to repair than replace. Actual costs depend on what you’re fixing.

Garage door repairs cost $150-$350.

Garage door opener repair costs $100-$300.

Garage door spring repair costs $100-$200.

Stainless Steel Kitchen Sink


If the kitchen is the heart of the home, then the drains and pipes that bring us fresh, clean water and take away liquid waste, are just as surely the vital arteries and veins that keep things pumping.

And as with our own body’s fluid transport system, what gets into those ‘pipes’ really does matter. Just like blockages in our bodies, clogged, blocked or damaged pipes and drains in the kitchen can spell disaster for the overall functioning of the home.

Holiday rentals, commercial kitchens and workplace cafeterias often come complete with shiny, laminated sets of rules displayed near the sink for everyone to see. These rules are designed to keep areas safe, clean and in good working order for as long as possible. But when it comes to keeping things operating efficiently around the kitchen sink at home, it can sometimes be the absence of ‘rules’ and the bad habits we or our family/housemates have developed over time that bring us unstuck.

Be creative and write them on a chalkboard, paint and decorate your own ‘shabby-chic boho-styled’ kitchen rules board for a wall near the sink, or if your housemates aren’t great at subtle hints, make your own shiny laminated sign and stick it somewhere they just can’t miss.

Whatever way you choose to get your message across, making sure everyone in your household takes care with what goes down the drain and into your pipes can save a whole lot of inconvenience later on and the expense of calling a plumber.

Incredible Kitchen Sink Ideas and Designs

A kitchen sink is a necessity, so important that we easily forget about styling it. Every kitchen needs at least one sink. It provides a contained space for you to work with water while minimising the splatter and water mess. From washing food items, utensils and dishes, to organising and holding food to thaw, cool, dry and cook, the sink is an indispensable feature of the kitchen. Here are some incredible kitchen sink ideas and designs to inspire your next kitchen upgrade, renovation or new home kitchen design.

Modern Farmhouse

The classic charms of the farmhouse kitchen sink get a sleek and modern upgrade. This streamlined version of the rustic kitchen sink is made of stainless steel in light grey. The apron is smooth and fits perfectly with the classic and modern kitchen interiors.

Black Granite

This modern and luxe kitchen sink is also efficient and multi-functional. It is made of granite composite in minimalist matte black. The sink features a main washing basin, a small one for separating items and a drain for washed items. Sleek and innovative design.

Secret Compartments

This kitchen island sink comes with secret compartments. Very handy in managing clutter and keeping smaller items organised. You can use space for concealing the not-so-attractive items in the kitchen like dishwashing scrubs, detergent and sponges.

The Disappearing Sink

This kitchen sink can disappear when you’re done with it. Ideal for smaller homes or apartments, the disappearing sink can turn your kitchen island into a dining table fast and easy. It comes with a custom cover that you can insert over the sink when not in use.

Kitchen Tips: Must-Have Kitchen Organising Items At Home

There’s no doubt that an organised workspace is linked to work efficiency. A clean and sorted space makes our job quicker and easier. A clean and organised kitchen also motivates us to step into it with a grin on our face. To cut the long story short, cooking and other kitchen chores get so much easier if all the things are kept in the right space. Imagine cooking in a kitchen, where you can find all the herbs and spices near you! Stop dreaming and make it a reality. Here, we bring you some organiser options, which may help you to make the sorting job easier.

Container Set:

One of the first few things one needs to organise a kitchen is nice storage containers for all the dry food items including herbs, spices, biscuits, pulses etc. It not only makes the kitchen look neat, but also saves your cooking time.

Towel Hanger:

Kitchen towel lying haywire is a very common site in several households. This makes the space look unorganized and untidy. Hence, we bring you a towel hanger option that can be attached to your cabinet door to hang the towels neatly.

Pantry Storage Organiser:

If you think that putting the herbs and spices in dedicated containers is enough to make the kitchen look organised, then you are absolutely wrong. You also need to organise the containers properly. That job gets easier with a pantry storage organiser; it helps you to set the containers and jars properly at one place

Kitchen Sink Organiser:

The dishwashers play an equally important role in a kitchen. Hence, a dedicated space for the scrubs and the soaps is also much needed to make the kitchen look clean.

Why a Workstation Sink Will Be The Best Thing in Your Kitchen

What if adding a workstation sink could actually improve everything you do in your kitchen? You hear it all the time, but kitchens really are the heart of the home. We love designing and remodeling kitchens for our clients because it is a space we know they will use and appreciate every. single. day.

A beautiful space that is designed to add functionality will not only bring the client happiness each day when they use it, it can also add a lot of value to the home, which means a happier bank account in the long run!

What Is A Workstation Sink?

At a workstation sinks may look like your normal kitchen sink, but they are so much more. They actually offer the added benefits of specific accessories designed to increase their functionality.

Workstation sinks are a growing trend, and we are totally onboard! The benefits of adding additional workspace, along with useful accessories allows the sink to no longer just be a place for dirty dishes, It transforms it into a multi-functional space.

The common accessories included in many workstation sinks are: drying rack, colander, cutting board, and bottom grid. Each offering their own unique functions and benefits. Many styles of sink have a workstation option; from undermount, to drop in, to apron front, are all available depending on the preferred style for the kitchen.

Things in the Kitchen That Are Making You Sick

The kitchen is often called the heart of the home. It’s where we gather and prepare the food that keeps us well and healthy. However, as in other rooms of your home, there are dangers lurking in the kitchen that can make you sick. Some of the troublemakers can cause a few days of digestive upset but others can be deadly, especially to young children and to those with compromised immune systems. If you are feeling sick, it’s time to take a look around your kitchen and possibly change some habits.

One of the biggest health hazards in your kitchen is you and how you handle food. If food is not cooked and handled safely, bacteria can multiply rapidly, causing foodborne illnesses that can range from a few hours of digestive upset to death.

Are you guilty of any of these missteps?

Undercooking Foods: Foods should be brought to the proper temperature needed to kill bacteria. Runny egg yolks, sushi, or raw cookie dough are particularly dangerous for young children or anyone with a weakened immune system.

Leaving Leftovers at the Wrong Temperature: Improper food temperatures simply invite bacteria, yeast, and mold to thrive. Hot foods must be kept above 140 degrees F and cold foods should be stored below 40 degrees F. This includes foods that are being thawed or marinated. Never leave these foods out on the counter for extended periods. Thaw slowly in the refrigerator or more quickly in the microwave and use immediately.

Using Unwashed Produce: All fresh produce should be washed before eating or using in cooking to remove bacteria and pesticides.

Are Ceiling Stains A Sign Of A Roof Inspection

How long does it take to inspect a roof?

What is a roof inspection?

A thorough examination to determine the health and integrity of a roof. A professional inspector will look at surfacing material and inspect dormers, chimneys, gutters, flashing points and recommend any necessary repairs.

What is involved in a roof inspection?

A roofing inspector will climb up to the roof and locate the various dormers, chimneys, gutters, and any flashing points to see if they require remedial work.  He will examine the condition of the roofing surface material.  He will also inspect inside the house looking carefully at the eaves, interior chimney surfaces, fasteners, roof braces, and support material.

How long does a roof inspection take?

A general roof inspection will take from 45 minutes to several hours.

How should I choose a roof inspector?

Choose a licensed professional with a roofing certification. Get several quotes, and choose the one with the best reviews.  Or ask around for referrals from your broker.

When is a roof inspection needed?

Many roofers recommend two roof inspections each year. An inspection in the fall helps ensure that minor problems don’t become major problems under the pressure of rain, ice and snow, while a spring inspection helps evaluate any damage done during the winter that may prove costly following heavy spring rains.

Why Your Roofing Needs Inspecting

Your roofing needs to be inspected from time to time to ensure that it’s safe and that it doesn’t need to be repaired or replaced.

  • Fix  small problems before they cause bigger issues
  • Ensure that your roof is safe
  • Find out if you need to replace your roof
  • Ensure proper maintenance of your roof

The experts at Homestyle Roof Painters offer a variety of services to meet your roofing needs, including doing inspections.

This is a valuable way to protect your home and your family and take care of your house at the same time. How do you know if your roof needs to be inspected? Keep reading for everything you need to know.

Reasons to get a roof inspection

There Has Been a Big Storm

A simple rainstorm won’t necessitate a roof inspection, but a violent storm might. If there has recently been a lot of rain or other extreme weather, your roof could be damaged and you don’t know yet. Letting it go could result in more damage and leaks in your home. We can assess for damage and repair or replace parts that broken or missing so your roof is restored to its old condition.

You have a leak

If you have exhausted all other options, the leak is probably in the roof. Our leak detection service can identify the source of the leak.

You Need to File an Insurance Claim

If you need to file an insurance claim due to hail, rain or other damage, you will need to have your roof inspected beforehand. This process creates a detailed picture of what’s wrong with your roof so your insurance company can calculate the money owed to you for the claim. You can then use that money and we’ll replace or repair your roof quickly and efficiently.

You Want to Increase the Value of Your Home

A new roof can dramatically increase the value of your house, which is great if you plan to sell anytime in the next couple of years. At the same time, a new roof increases the curb appeal of your house and makes it more attractive for your own enjoyment or to attract future buyers.

You Might Need A Replacement If Your Roof Has Shingle Granules

Shingle granules are the tiny specs of rock and crushed up minerals that are embedded in the surface of a single shingle. As time goes on and roofs get older and older, a roof can start to get bare spots that cause these granules to become loosened and run into your gutters.

When looking for these granules, remember that they look like sand crystals and are darker because of the shade of the shingle. When these granules are lost, shingle decay and aging can speed up rapidly.

If this is allowed to happen, moisture will be able to seep into your home causing even further damages.

You Might Need A Replacement If Your Roof Has Buckling or Curling Shingles

When you have a roof that has buckling or curling shingles, it typically means that it is time for a new roof. The reason for this is because intense heat, moisture, and aging have taken its toll on the shingles, which causes them to warp or become unstable.

Another reason your shingles could be curled or buckling is because they were previously installed incorrectly. If this happens, it leaves them even more exposed to ice damage and wind, causing them to break off or crack.

You most certainly want to look into either a replacement or repairs if you notice any of this happening to your roof.

How long does a commercial roof inspection take?

You may be wondering; “How long will a roofing contractor be on my property?” For an average 20,000 sq. ft. commercial building, it takes approximately 30 minutes to 1 hour to perform a roof inspection.

A roof inspection can take shorter or longer depending on:

  • How many penetrations are the roof (each one needs inspected thoroughly)
  • How many roof sections there are (every section is inspected differently)
  • How many different types of roofs there are

Once the roof inspection is complete, then you sit back and wait for the report to come to you.

How long until I receive my commercial roof inspection report?

  • A roof inspection report is usually sent to the building owner in 3-5 days.

What will be included in the inspection report?

Inspection reports will include:

  • The deficiencies within your current roof system w/photos and clear explanations
  • What options you have in repairing your roof
  • A quote for the work proposed

How long does it take to inspect a roof?

Most roof inspections take between 45 minutes and 4 hours. Where on that range you land depends on:

  • square footage
  • ease of accessibility
  • roofing materials
  • Whether or not the attic is included in the inspection.

After the checkup, expect to receive the report within 7 days.